Perseverance is my key to training Zum. I try to keep his attention during our training sessions. I give him lots of praise. I try to speak with authority but I have learned that growling or shouting doesn’t work. I don’t want Zum to think of me as a predator. Reward and affection bring results much faster than impatience, yelling, jerking ropes or whipping. I don’t want Zum to be a sulking, uncooperative horse who complies from fear. Zum has enough inner fear and anxiety to cope with. I want to bring Zum comfort and safety being with me.