Before I get on Zum, I have a lesson plan in mind. I keep my attention on what I am asking Zum to do instead of his distractions. I give Zum enough good things to do so he won’t have time to carry out his concerns. I keep him so busy that eventually he quits thinking about his doubts. When he stops on the trail for whatever reason, I keep him turning in circles or bending to the right or to the left, kissing and pressing my heels on his belly. He learns that it is easier and more fun to keep walking than to stop!