I give Zum all the time he needs to learn a lesson. If he refuses to learn, I try not to fight with him. I never create a crisis and I never yell at Zum. If Zum gets upset at a lesson, I practice something important that he likes. Right now, Zum refuses the bridle and the bit. So I am using the hackamore. This has no bit so he accepts this without a fight. I am not in a hurry. I know he will accept the bridle at some point in the future. I want Zum to be calm and confident that I am fun and safe to be around. I want Zum to trust me and my leadership. My corrections are smooth. Establishing genuine affection between us is the major lesson we both need to learn!